Urinary Incontinence

Management of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence, or urine leakage, can be a major hindrance on a person's quality of life. It is a commonly found amongst the elderly. Incontinence may occur as a result of neurological or spinal diseases or due to malfunction of the urinary bladder which, in turn, causes involuntary contractions of the bladder leading to urinary urgency and incontinence.

Children and adults who suffer from neurological diseases or spinal problems may also experience urinary frequency, urgency, and significant urinary incontinence. Many women often suffer from stress-induced urinary incontinence as a result of gynecological operations or after multiple pregnancies.

Treatment of urinary incontinence is offered by family physicians, physiotherapists, gynecologists, urologists and experts in geriatrics. However, since there are many different reasons for the involuntary leakage, a successful treatment is entirely dependent on a correct diagnosis. The key for a successful treatment is the correct diagnosis, including physical examination, imaging, radiological examinations and urodynamic studies by an expert in the field of neuro-urology and female urology.

Urine leakage caused by a sudden increase of the abdominal pressure, such as during cough or exercise, is referred to as stress urinary incontinence. This is the result of anatomical changes that occur following pelvic surgery or multiple deliveries. Mild stress incontinence may be treated by physiotherapy. More significant stress incontinence usually requires a minimal surgical procedure. However, there are different solutions for the various kinds of urinary incontinence, which include medications, physical thearpy, electrical stimulation, surgial procedures, or implantation of artificial sphincters.

The Urology Department offers a full examination for both children and adults suffering from urinary incontinence.