Testicular cancer can occur at any age however, it most commonly occurs between young adulthood and age 40. In most cases, the cancer is found after the discovery of a lump in the testicle or rapid growth of the testicle. Sometimes the cancer affects the hormones and can impair sexual function or cause fertility problems.
The cause of testicular cancer is not known. Men with undescended testicles have the highest risk of testicular cancer. Therefore, any male who has had testicular fixation due to an undescended testicle is recommended to conduct annual exams.
The discovery of a lump or growth in the testicle almost always requires the removal of the testicle, pathological evaluation and additional treatments with the oncology department. Thanks to the improved chemotherapy treatments that are available, the vast majority of men with testicular cancer are cured.