Rehabilitation of Terror Victims

Between September 2000 and September 2004, 72 casualties of terror attacks were treated in our department among them18 suffered from TBI. At the same period 42 non-terror patients who suffered from TBI were treated in our department. In the terror victim group there were 56% (9) men with mean age of 29 ± 10 years whereas in the non-terror group there were 71 % men with mean age of 40.5 ± years.12

The mean time until initiation of rehabilition was similar in both groups, 30 days. The mean length of stay of terror victim TBI patients was significantly longer (204 days) than non-terror victims (137 days). The mean FIM values upon admission was71 interror victims as compared to82 innon-terror victims. However both groups improved reaching mean FIM score of 119 upon discharged from rehabilitation. In both groups, LOTCA evaluations showed similar disturbances upon admission which improved upon discharge but did not reached normal values. RBMT values were significantly lower in the terror victims upon admission, but improved to similar values in discharge.

Terror victims suffered from higher percentage of PTSD and post traumatic epilepsy. However, 40% of them returned to their previous occupation as opposed to only 20% of non-terror victims. We coclude that terror victims recovered from their injury after a long rehabilitation period. Although they gained most of ADL functions, they experience more psychological and neurological consequences than other TBI patients.