Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common condition of the digestive system. Symptoms include stomach pains, bloating, gas, constipation and diarrhea. Symptoms can be light or they can disrupt a person’s day-to-day life. There is no exact treatment method for IBS, but a change in lifestyle combined with dieting can help.

Low-FODMAP Diet

There is evidence that a low-FODMAP diet (a diet low in lactose, fructose, fructans, galactans and polyols) can help relieve some of the symptoms of IBS.

These nutrients are not easily absorbed and are dissolved by bacteria in the digestive system. This causes gas, bloating, and other discomfort.

The diet is divided into 2 phases:

  • Phase I: the diet has no foods that contain FODMAPs. This phase lasts 6-8 weeks.
  • Phase II: the slow incorporation of FODMAP-rich foods. This is very gradual, every time a new food is introduced and there is a period of 4 days between each new food that is introduced. Each patient reacts differently to the introduction of new foods, so we recommend that the patient consult with a dietician.

Foods Low in FODMAPs

Foods Rich in FODMAPs –to AVOID

Milks: almond, coconut, rice, low-lactose Milk: cow, goat, soy Cream-based soups; yogurt
Hard cheeses – yellow cheese, cheddar, brie, mozzarella, parmesan, feta Cottage cheese, leben, ricotta
Butter, fruit-based sorbets Creams, ice cream, whipped cream, frozen yogurt
Fruits: bananas, strawberries, melon, grapes, lemon, grapefruit, kiwi, pineapples, 1 T. dried fruit a day Apples, pears, cherries, raspberries, blueberries, watermelon, peaches, nectarines, plums, apricots, mango, papaya, orange juice, canned fruits
Vegetables: cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, red peppers, lettuce, spinach, mangold, zucchini, eggplant, green beans, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, celery (1 stalk a day) Artichoke, asparagus, cabbage, onion, spring onions, leek, garlic, cauliflower, pumpkin, green pepper
Oats, brown rice, quinoa, corn, gluten-free bread and crackers Wheat, spelt, barley, chickpeas, edamame, lentils, soy beans
Almonds, pecans, pine nuts, walnuts, macadamia nuts pistachios
Sugar, glucose, sucrose, maple syrup, aspertame Honey, agave nectar, splenda, corn syrup, sorbitol, menthol,
Chicken, turkey, fish, eggs, meat
Olive oil, canola oil