Hypoglycemia

What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia is a condition where the sugar levels in the blood are lower than 70 ml/dl. These levels of glucose in the blood can impair a person’s ability to function properly.

Symptoms

The symptoms indicating that a person is suffering from hypoglycemia vary from person to person. The symptoms include: shaking, hunger, sweats, paleness, rapid pulse, headaches, blurred vision, confusion, sleepiness, difficulty speaking, behavioral changes and loss of consciousness.

Causes of Hypoglycemia

  • A high dosage of insulin or drugs which increase the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • An insufficient amount of carbohydrates during mealtimes
  • Physical activity without added carbohydrate prior to exercising, not fixing the proper dosage of insulin
  • Alcohol consumption

Treating Hypoglycemia

If you exhibit signs of hypoglycemia, check your blood sugar levels. If the levels are below 70 mg/dl, take 3 teaspoons of sugar, a tablespoon of honey or ½ a glass of juice (all equaling 15 gr. of glucose). Check your blood sugar levels 15 minutes after consuming the added glucose. If it is still below 70 mg/dl, repeat. If this still does not help, try eating 2 pieces of bread or crackers with a fat or a protein. Do not eat sweets such as chocolate or candy as this will cause the blood sugar levels to rise extremely fast. Diabetics who are treated with insulin or are taking medications that control the release of insulin must always have a source of glucose nearby.