Hemorrhoids

What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are a cluster of enlarged blood vessels growing near the anus that cause bleeding and discomfort. This occurs due to the weakness of the supporting connective tissue that experiences constant friction in the content of the intestines and grows in size. It sometimes becomes inflamed and causes bleeding and pain. Hemorrhoids can occur inside the anus (internal hemorrhoids) or outside the anus (external hemorrhoids). It is a very common problem and affects people of all ages.

Signs
Blood when excreting, pain, painful swelling or painful lump near the anus. All of these cases should be examined by a specialist (proctologist).

Prophylaxis
Maintaining a diet containing cellulose, fiber, fruits and vegetables and drink. Spending less time attempting to defecate and avoiding reading while on the toilet have also been recommended.

Types of Treatment
Early treatment usually prevents the need for surgery, which has become very rare in recent years.

Hemorrhoid Ligation
is performed using rubber rings that are tied around the base of hemorrhoid, stopping the blood supply and causing shrinkage of the hemorrhoid. The treatment is done on an outpatient basis and the patient is usually released on the same day.

Laser Treatments
Unique treatment using an argon plasma laser. Treatment is given in clinic in appropriate cases and requires several short sessions to complete.

Surgery
In severe cases, surgical intervention is required to remove hemorrhoids.