Prenatal gender selection for non-medical purposes has sparked widespread debate about its moral aspects in both Israel and the world. This practice has been banned in Europe. In Israel the issue of gender selection for non-medical purposes has been discussed by the Committee of the Israel Academy and representatives from the Ministry of Health. The joint committee's recommendation is not to allow prenatal gender selection for non-medical purposes, save for exceptional cases and in the most stringent circumstances. Permission shall be issued after submission of a detailed application to a representative of the Ministry of Health.
The request will then be discussed at the National Committee of the Ministry of Health, which will allow it if convinced that for a couple that has four (or more) children of the same sex, there is a real risk of significant damage to their mental health or that of the child to be born if the process is not done.