The Echocardiography Unit provides services based on innovative ultrasound techniques. Non-invasive imaging of the heart is obtained by using different state-of-the-art instruments. Echocardiographic examinations are performed for the evaluation of both the structure and shape and the function of the heart muscle as well as the heart valve and large vessels. In urgent cases, e.g., tamponade, trauma to the aorta and aortic dissection, echocardiographic diagnosis can save lives. Transesophageal echocardiography permits high-resolution images of specific areas of the heart such as the mitral and aortic valve, left atrial appendage, both atria, the interatrial septum and large vessels. This permits a better understanding, improved diagnosis and often a more accurate treatment.