Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone caused by bacteria. It manifests in two ways – the source of the infection could come from another body and through the blood stream to the bone or the bacteria comes through a cut and settles on the bone, causing an infection.

Symptoms include a fever that lasts for a few days, limping (babies may be unable to move a limb), pain in the bone itself, redness, swelling and pain in the inflamed area.

Diagnosis of Osteomyelitis

  • White blood cell count
  • Cultures of material taken from the bone sample
  • Radiology
  • Bone-mapping: injecting radioactive substance into the tissues closest to the bone, providing a clear picture of the infection. Pregnant women cannot be present during this test. For the 24 hours following the test, stool and other excrement will be disposed of accordingly.

Treatment of Osteomyelitis

  • Hospitalization
  • Antibiotics – depends on the type of bacteria, child’s age and risk factors. Treatment lasts between 3 and 4 fours, and is sometimes administered intravenously. Oral treatment is administered when there is an improvement in symptoms.